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By Herman Hesse

Chapter X. The Son

TIMID and weeping, the boy had attended his mother's funeral; gloomy and shy, he had listened to Siddhartha who greeted him as his son and welcomed him at his place in Vasudeva's hut. Pale, he sat for many days by the hill of the dead. He did not want to eat. He gave no open look, did not open his heart, and met his fate with resistance and denial.

Siddhartha spared him and let him do as he pleased. He honored his mourning. Siddhartha understood that his son did not know him, and that he could not love him like a father. Slowly, he also saw and understood that the eleven-year-old was a pampered boy, a mother's boy, and that he had grown up in the habits of rich people He was accustomed to fine food, to a soft bed, and to giving orders to servants. Siddhartha understood that the mourning, pampered child could not suddenly and willingly be content with a life among strangers and in poverty. He did not force him. He did many a chore for him and always picked the best piece of the meal for him. Slowly, he hoped to win him over, by friendly patience.

Rich and happy, he had called himself, when the boy had come to him. Since time had passed on in the meantime, and the boy remained a stranger and in a gloomy disposition, since he displayed a proud and stubbornly disobedient heart. He did not want to do any work. He did not pay his respect to the old men, and he stole from Vasudeva's fruit-trees. Then Siddhartha began to understand that his son had not brought him happiness and peace, but suffering and worry. But he loved him, and he preferred the suffering and worries of love over happiness and joy without the boy. Since young Siddhartha was in the hut, the old men had to split the work. Vasudeva had again taken on the job of the ferryman all by himself, and Siddhartha, in order to be with his son, did the work in the hut and the field.

For a long time and for long months, Siddhartha waited for his son to understand him, to accept his love, and to perhaps reciprocate it. For long months, Vasudeva waited, watching. He waited and said nothing. One day, when Siddhartha the younger had once again tormented his father very much with spite and an unsteadiness in his wishes and had broken both of his rice-bowls, Vasudeva took in the evening his friend aside and talked to him.

"Pardon me." he said:

From a friendly heart, I'm talking to you. I see that you are tormenting yourself. I see that you're in grief. Your son, my dear, is worrying you, and he is also worrying me. That young bird is accustomed to a different life and to a different nest. He has not, like you, run away from riches and the city, being disgusted and fed up with it. Against his will, he had to leave all this behind. I asked the river, oh friend, many times I have asked it. But the river laughs. It laughs at me, and it laughs at you and me. It is shaking with laughter at our foolishness. Water wants to join water; youth wants to join youth. Your son is not in the place where he can prosper. You, too, should ask the river; you, too, should listen to it!

Troubled, Siddhartha looked into his friendly face, in the many wrinkles of which there was incessant cheerfulness.

"How could I part with him?" he said quietly, ashamed. "Give me some more time, my dear! See, I'm fighting for him. I'm seeking to win his heart, with love and with friendly patience I intend to capture it. One day, the river shall also talk to him. He also is called upon."

Vasudeva's smile flourished more warmly:

Oh yes, he too is called upon, and he too is of the eternal life. But do we, you and me, know what he is called upon to do? Do we know what path he is to take? What actions to perform and what pain to endure? Not a small one, his pain will be; after all, his heart is proud and hard. People like this have to suffer a lot, err a lot, do much injustice, and burden themselves with much sin. Tell me, my dear: you're not taking control of your son's upbringing? You don't force him? You don't beat him? You don't punish him?

"No, Vasudeva, I don't do anything of this."

I knew it. You don't force him, don't beat him, and don't give him orders because you know that 'soft' is stronger than 'hard.' Water is stronger than rocks and love stronger than force. Very good, I praise you. But aren't you mistaken in thinking that you wouldn't force him and wouldn't punish him? Don't you shackle him with your love? Don't you make him feel inferior every day, and don't you make it even harder on him with your kindness and patience? Don't you force him, the arrogant and pampered boy, to live in a hut with two old banana-eaters to whom even rice is a delicacy, whose thoughts can't be his, and whose hearts are old, quiet, and beat in a different pace than his? Isn't he forced? Isn't he punished by all this?

Troubled, Siddhartha looked to the ground. Quietly, he asked: "What do you think should I do?"

Quote Vasudeva: "Bring him into the city and into his mother's house, there'll still be servants around and give him to them. And when there aren't any around anymore, bring him to a teacher, not for the teachings' sake, but so that he shall be among other boys and girls and in the world which is his own. Have you never thought of this?"

"You're seeing into my heart," Siddhartha spoke sadly. "Often, I have thought of this. But look, how shall I put him, who had no tender heart anyhow, into this world? Won't he become exuberant? Won't he lose himself to pleasure and power? Won't he repeat all of his father's mistakes? Won't he perhaps get entirely lost in Sansara?"

Brightly, the ferryman's smile lit up; softly, he touched Siddhartha's arm and said:

Ask the river about it, my friend! Hear it laugh about it! Would you actually believe that you had committed your foolish acts in order to spare your son from committing them too? And could you in any way protect your son from Sansara? How could you? By means of teachings, prayer, and admonition?

My dear, have you entirely forgotten that story? That story containing so many lessons: the story about Siddhartha, a Brahman's son, which you once told me here on this very spot? Who has kept the Samana Siddhartha safe from Sansara, from sin, from greed, and from foolishness?

Was his father's religious devotion, his teacher’s warnings, his own knowledge, and his own search able to keep him safe? Which father and which teacher had been able to protect him from living his life for himself, from soiling himself with life, from burdening himself with guilt, from drinking the bitter drink for himself, and from finding his path for himself?

Would you think, my dear, that anybody might perhaps be spared from taking this path? That perhaps your little son would be spared because you love him and because you would like to keep him from suffering, pain, and disappointment? But, even if you would die ten times for him, you would not be able to take the slightest part of his destiny upon yourself.

Never before had Vasudeva spoken so many words. Kindly, Siddhartha thanked him, went troubled into the hut, and could not sleep for a long time. Vasudeva had told him nothing that he had not already thought and known for himself. But this was a knowledge he could not act upon. Stronger than the knowledge was his love for the boy, stronger was his tenderness, and stronger was his fear to lose him. Had he ever lost his heart so much to something? Had he ever loved any person thus — thus blindly, thus sufferingly, thus unsuccessfully, and yet thus happily?

Siddhartha could not heed his friend's advice, and he could not give up the boy. He let the boy give him orders, and he let him disregard him. He said nothing and waited; daily, he began the mute struggle of friendliness and the silent war of patience. Vasudeva also said nothing and waited: friendly, knowing, and patient. They were both masters of patience.

At one time, when the boy's face reminded him very much of Kamala, Siddhartha suddenly had to think of a line which Kamala a long time ago, in the days of their youth, had once said to him. "You cannot love," she had said to him, and he had agreed with her. He had compared himself with a star, while comparing the childlike people with falling leaves, and nevertheless, he had also sensed an accusation in that line. Indeed, he had never been able to lose or devote himself completely to another person. 

To forget himself and to commit foolish acts for the love of another person: never he had been able to do this. And this was, as it had seemed to him at that time, the great distinction which set him apart from the childlike people. But now, since his son was here, now he, Siddhartha, had also become completely a childlike person suffering for the sake of another person, loving another person, becoming lost to a love, and having become a fool on account of love. Now he too felt, late and once in his lifetime, this strongest and strangest of all passions. He suffered from it; he suffered miserably, and he was nevertheless in bliss. He was nevertheless renewed in one respect, enriched by one thing.

He did sense very well that this love — this blind love for his son — was a passion. That it was something very human. That it was Sansara: a murky source, dark waters. Nevertheless, he felt at the same time that it was not worthless, and it was necessary. It came from the essence of his own being. This pleasure also had to be atoned for; this pain also had to be endured; these foolish acts also had to be committed. 

Through all this, the son let him commit his foolish acts, let him court for his affection, and let him humiliate himself every day by giving in to his moods. This father had nothing which would have delighted him and nothing which he would have feared. He was a good man, this father. He was a good, kind, and soft man. He was perhaps a very devout man and perhaps a saint: among all these there no attributes which could win the boy over. 

He was bored by this father, who kept him prisoner here in this miserable hut of his. He was bored by him, and for him to answer every naughtiness with a smile, every insult with friendliness, every viciousness with kindness, this very thing was the hated trick of this old sneak. Much more the boy would have liked it if he had been threatened by him, if he had been abused by him.

A day came when what young Siddhartha had on his mind came bursting forth, and he openly turned against his father. The latter had given him a task: he had told him to gather brushwood. But the boy did not leave the hut. In stubborn disobedience and rage, he stayed where he was, thumped on the ground with his feet, clenched his fists, and screamed in a powerful outburst his hatred and contempt into his father's face.

"Get the brushwood for yourself!" he shouted foaming at the mouth.

I'm not your servant. I do know that you won't hit me. You don't dare; I do know, that you constantly want to punish me and put me down with your religious devotion and your indulgence. You want me to become like you: just as devout, just as soft, and just as wise! But I, listen up, just to make you suffer. I rather want to become a highway-robber and murderer, and go to hell, than to become like you! I hate you. You're not my father, even if you've ten times been my mother's fornicator!

Rage and grief boiled over in him, foamed at the father in a hundred savage and evil words. Then the boy ran away and only returned late at night. But the next morning, he had disappeared. What had also disappeared was a small basket, woven out of bast of two colors, in which the ferrymen kept those copper and silver coins which they received as a fare. The boat had also disappeared, Siddhartha saw it lying by the opposite bank. The boy had run away.

"I must follow him," said Siddhartha, who had been shivering with grief since those ranting speeches that the boy had made yesterday. "A child can't go through the forest all alone. He'll perish. We must build a raft, Vasudeva, to get over the water."

"We will build a raft," said Vasudeva,

to get our boat back, which the boy has taken away. But him, you shall let run along, my friend. He is no child any more, and he knows how to get around. He's looking for the path to the city, and he is right. Don't forget that. He's doing what you've failed to do yourself. He's taking care of himself, he's taking his course. Alas, Siddhartha, I see you suffering, but you're suffering a pain at which one would like to laugh, at which you'll soon laugh for yourself.

Siddhartha did not answer. He already held the axe in his hands and began to make a raft of bamboo, and Vasudeva helped him to tie the canes together with ropes of grass. Then they crossed over, drifted far off their course, and pulled the raft upriver on the opposite bank.

"Why did you take the axe along?" asked Siddhartha.

Vasudeva said: "It might have been possible that the oar of our boat got lost."

But Siddhartha knew what his friend was thinking. He thought, the boy would have thrown away or broken the oar in order to get even and in order to keep them from following him. And in fact, there was no oar left in the boat. Vasudeva pointed to the bottom of the boat and looked at his friend with a smile, as if he wanted to say: "Don't you see what your son is trying to tell you? Don't you see that he doesn't want to be followed?" 

But he did not say this in words. He started making a new oar. But Siddhartha bid his farewell, to look for the run-away. Vasudeva did not stop him.

When Siddhartha had already been walking through the forest for a long time, the thought occurred to him that his search was useless. Either, so he thought, the boy was far ahead and had already reached the city, or, if he should still be on his way, he would conceal himself from him, the pursuer. As he continued thinking, he also found that he, on his part, was not worried for his son. That he knew deep inside that he had neither perished nor was in any danger in the forest. Nevertheless, he ran without stopping. No longer to save him, but just to satisfy his desire: just to perhaps see him one more time. And he ran up to just outside of the city.

When, near the city, he reached a wide road, he stopped, by the entrance of the beautiful pleasure-garden, which used to belong to Kamala, where he had seen her for the first time in her sedan-chair. The past rose up in his soul, again he saw himself standing there, young, a bearded, naked Samana, the hair full of dust. For a long time, Siddhartha stood there and looked through the open gate into the garden, seeing monks in yellow robes walking among the beautiful trees.

For a long time, he stood there pondering, seeing images, and listening to the story of his life. For a long time, he stood there and looked at the monks. He saw young Siddhartha in their place and saw young Kamala walking among the high trees. Clearly, he saw himself being served food and drink by Kamala, receiving his first kiss from her, looking proudly and disdainfully back on his Brahmanism, and beginning proudly and full of desire his worldly life. 

He saw Kamaswami, saw the servants, saw the orgies, saw the gamblers with the dice, saw the musicians, and saw Kamala's song-bird in the cage. He lived through all this once again and breathed Sansara. He was once again old and tired. He felt once again disgust and felt once again the wish to annihilate himself. He was once again healed by the holy OM.

After having been standing by the gate of the garden for a long time, Siddhartha realized that his desire was foolish, which had made him go up to this place. He realized that he could not help his son and that he was not allowed to cling him. Deeply, he felt the love for the run-away in his heart, like a wound, and he felt at the same time that this wound had not been given to him in order to turn the knife in it — that it had to become a blossom and had to shine.

That this wound did not blossom yet and did not shine yet, at this hour, made him sad. Instead of the desired goal which had drawn him here following the runaway son, there was now emptiness. Sadly, he sat down. He felt something dying in his heart. He experienced emptiness and saw no joy any more. He saw no goal. He sat lost in thought and waited. This he had learned by the river. This one thing: waiting, having patience, and listening attentively. And he sat and listened in the dust of the road. He listened to his heart, beating tiredly and sadly, and he waited for a voice. 

Many an hour he crouched, listening. He saw no images any more, fell into emptiness, and let himself fall, without seeing a path. And when he felt the wound burning, he silently spoke the OM, filled himself with OM. The monks in the garden saw him. Since he crouched for many hours and dust was gathering on his gray hair, one of them came to him and placed two bananas in front of him. The old man did not see him.

From this petrified state, he was awoken by a hand touching his shoulder. Instantly, he recognized this touch — this tender, bashful touch — and regained his senses. He rose and greeted Vasudeva, who had followed him. And when he looked into Vasudeva's friendly face, into the small wrinkles, which were as if they were filled with nothing but his smile, and into the happy eyes, then he smiled too. 

Now he saw the bananas lying in front of him. He picked them up; gave one to the ferryman and ate the other one himself. After this, he silently went back into the forest with Vasudeva, returned home to the ferry. Neither one talked about what had happened today; neither one mentioned the boy's name; neither one spoke about him running away; and neither one spoke about the wound. In the hut, Siddhartha lay down on his bed, and when after a while Vasudeva came to him to offer him a bowl of coconut-milk, he already found him asleep.



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